```   1 /*
3  *
4  * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
6  * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
7  *
8  * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
9  * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
10  * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
11  * and limitations under the License.
12  *
13  * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
15  * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
16  * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
18  *
20  */
21
22 /*
24  */
25 /*
27  * Use is subject to license terms.
28  */
29
30 /*
31  * long double function erf,erfc (long double x)
32  * K.C. Ng, September, 1989.
33  *                           x
34  *                    2      |\
35  *     erf(x)  =  ---------  | exp(-t*t)dt
36  *                 sqrt(pi) \|
37  *                           0
38  *
39  *     erfc(x) =  1-erf(x)
40  *
41  * method:
42  *      Since erf(-x) = -erf(x), we assume x>=0.
43  *      For x near 0, we have the expansion
44  *
45  *          erf(x) = (2/sqrt(pi))*(x - x^3/3 + x^5/10 - x^7/42 + ....).
46  *
47  *      Since 2/sqrt(pi) = 1.128379167095512573896158903121545171688,
48  *      we use x + x*P(x^2) to approximate erf(x). This formula will
49  *      guarantee the error less than one ulp where x is not too far
50  *      away from 0. We note that erf(x)=x at x = 0.6174...... After
51  *      some experiment, we choose the following approximation on
52  *      interval [0,0.84375].
53  *
54  *      For x in [0,0.84375]
55  *                 2                2        4               40
56  *         P =  P(x ) = (p0 + p1 * x + p2 * x + ... + p20 * x  )
57  *
58  *         erf(x)  = x + x*P
59  *         erfc(x) = 1 - erf(x)           if x<=0.25
60  *                 = 0.5 + ((0.5-x)-x*P)  if x in [0.25,0.84375]
61  *      precision: |P(x^2)-(erf(x)-x)/x| <= 2**-122.50
62  *
63  *      For x in [0.84375,1.25], let s = x - 1, and
64  *      c = 0.84506291151 rounded to single (24 bits)
65  *         erf(x)  = c  + P1(s)/Q1(s)
66  *         erfc(x) = (1-c)  - P1(s)/Q1(s)
67  *      precision: |P1/Q1 - (erf(x)-c)| <= 2**-118.41
68  *
69  *
70  *      For x in [1.25,1.75], let s = x - 1.5, and
71  *      c = 0.95478588343 rounded to single (24 bits)
72  *         erf(x)  = c  + P2(s)/Q2(s)
73  *         erfc(x) = (1-c)  - P2(s)/Q2(s)
74  *      precision: |P1/Q1 - (erf(x)-c)| <= 2**-123.83
75  *
76  *
77  *      For x in [1.75,16/3]
78  *         erfc(x) = exp(-x*x)*(1/x)*R1(1/x)/S1(1/x)
79  *         erf(x)  = 1 - erfc(x)
80  *      precision: absolute error of R1/S1 is bounded by 2**-124.03
81  *
82  *      For x in [16/3,107]
83  *         erfc(x) = exp(-x*x)*(1/x)*R2(1/x)/S2(1/x)
84  *         erf(x)  = 1 - erfc(x) (if x>=9 simple return erf(x)=1 with inexact)
85  *      precision: absolute error of R2/S2 is bounded by 2**-120.07
86  *
87  *      Else if inf > x >= 107
88  *         erf(x)  = 1 with inexact
89  *         erfc(x) = 0 with underflow
90  *
91  *      Special case:
92  *         erf(inf)  = 1
93  *         erfc(inf) = 0
94  */
95
96 #pragma weak __erfl = erfl
97 #pragma weak __erfcl = erfcl
98
99 #include "libm.h"
100 #include "longdouble.h"
101
102 static const long double
103         tiny        = 1e-40L,
104         nearunfl    = 1e-4000L,
105         half        = 0.5L,
106         one         = 1.0L,
107         onehalf     = 1.5L,
108         L16_3       = 16.0L/3.0L;
109 /*
110  * Coefficients for even polynomial P for erf(x)=x+x*P(x^2) on [0,0.84375]
111  */
112 static const long double P[] = {        /* 21 coeffs */
113    1.283791670955125738961589031215451715556e-0001L,
114   -3.761263890318375246320529677071815594603e-0001L,
115    1.128379167095512573896158903121205899135e-0001L,
116   -2.686617064513125175943235483344625046092e-0002L,
117    5.223977625442187842111846652980454568389e-0003L,
118   -8.548327023450852832546626271083862724358e-0004L,
119    1.205533298178966425102164715902231976672e-0004L,
120   -1.492565035840625097674944905027897838996e-0005L,
121    1.646211436588924733604648849172936692024e-0006L,
122   -1.636584469123491976815834704799733514987e-0007L,
123    1.480719281587897445302529007144770739305e-0008L,
124   -1.229055530170782843046467986464722047175e-0009L,
125    9.422759064320307357553954945760654341633e-0011L,
126   -6.711366846653439036162105104991433380926e-0012L,
127    4.463224090341893165100275380693843116240e-0013L,
128   -2.783513452582658245422635662559779162312e-0014L,
129    1.634227412586960195251346878863754661546e-0015L,
130   -9.060782672889577722765711455623117802795e-0017L,
131    4.741341801266246873412159213893613602354e-0018L,
132   -2.272417596497826188374846636534317381203e-0019L,
133    8.069088733716068462496835658928566920933e-0021L,
134 };
135
136 /*
137  * Rational erf(x) = ((float)0.84506291151) + P1(x-1)/Q1(x-1) on [0.84375,1.25]
138  */
139 static const long double C1   = (long double)((float)0.84506291151);
140 static const long double P1[] = {       /*  12 top coeffs */
141   -2.362118560752659955654364917390741930316e-0003L,
142    4.129623379624420034078926610650759979146e-0001L,
143   -3.973857505403547283109417923182669976904e-0002L,
144    4.357503184084022439763567513078036755183e-0002L,
145    8.015593623388421371247676683754171456950e-0002L,
146   -1.034459310403352486685467221776778474602e-0002L,
147    5.671850295381046679675355719017720821383e-0003L,
148    1.219262563232763998351452194968781174318e-0003L,
149    5.390833481581033423020320734201065475098e-0004L,
150   -1.978853912815115495053119023517805528300e-0004L,
151    6.184234513953600118335017885706420552487e-0005L,
152   -5.331802711697810861017518515816271808286e-0006L,
153 };
154 static const long double Q1[] = {       /*  12 bottom coeffs with leading 1.0 hidden */
155    9.081506296064882195280178373107623196655e-0001L,
156    6.821049531968204097604392183650687642520e-0001L,
157    4.067869178233539502315055970743271822838e-0001L,
158    1.702332233546316765818144723063881095577e-0001L,
159    7.498098377690553934266423088708614219356e-0002L,
160    2.050154396918178697056927234366372760310e-0002L,
161    7.012988534031999899054782333851905939379e-0003L,
162    1.149904787014400354649843451234570731076e-0003L,
163    3.185620255011299476196039491205159718620e-0004L,
164    1.273405072153008775426376193374105840517e-0005L,
165    4.753866999959432971956781228148402971454e-0006L,
166   -1.002287602111660026053981728549540200683e-0006L,
167 };
168 /*
169  * Rational erf(x) = ((float)0.95478588343) + P2(x-1.5)/Q2(x-1.5)
170  * on [1.25,1.75]
171  */
172 static const long double C2   = (long double)((float)0.95478588343);
173 static const long double P2[] = {       /*  12 top coeffs */
174    1.131926304864446730135126164594785863512e-0002L,
175    1.273617996967754151544330055186210322832e-0001L,
176   -8.169980734667512519897816907190281143423e-0002L,
177    9.512267486090321197833634271787944271746e-0002L,
178   -2.394251569804872160005274999735914368170e-0002L,
179    1.108768660227528667525252333184520222905e-0002L,
180    3.527435492933902414662043314373277494221e-0004L,
181    4.946116273341953463584319006669474625971e-0004L,
182   -4.289851942513144714600285769022420962418e-0005L,
183    8.304719841341952705874781636002085119978e-0005L,
184   -1.040460226177309338781902252282849903189e-0005L,
185    2.122913331584921470381327583672044434087e-0006L,
186 };
187 static const long double Q2[] = {       /*  13 bottom coeffs with leading 1.0 hidden */
188    7.448815737306992749168727691042003832150e-0001L,
189    7.161813850236008294484744312430122188043e-0001L,
190    3.603134756584225766144922727405641236121e-0001L,
191    1.955811609133766478080550795194535852653e-0001L,
192    7.253059963716225972479693813787810711233e-0002L,
193    2.752391253757421424212770221541238324978e-0002L,
194    7.677654852085240257439050673446546828005e-0003L,
195    2.141102244555509687346497060326630061069e-0003L,
196    4.342123013830957093949563339130674364271e-0004L,
197    8.664587895570043348530991997272212150316e-0005L,
198    1.109201582511752087060167429397033701988e-0005L,
199    1.357834375781831062713347000030984364311e-0006L,
200    4.957746280594384997273090385060680016451e-0008L,
201 };
202 /*
203  * erfc(x) = exp(-x*x)/x * R1(1/x)/S1(1/x) on [1.75, 16/3]
204  */
205 static const long double R1[] = {       /*  14 top coeffs */
206    4.630195122654315016370705767621550602948e+0006L,
207    1.257949521746494830700654204488675713628e+0007L,
208    1.704153822720260272814743497376181625707e+0007L,
209    1.502600568706061872381577539537315739943e+0007L,
210    9.543710793431995284827024445387333922861e+0006L,
211    4.589344808584091011652238164935949522427e+0006L,
212    1.714660662941745791190907071920671844289e+0006L,
213    5.034802147768798894307672256192466283867e+0005L,
214    1.162286400443554670553152110447126850725e+0005L,
215    2.086643834548901681362757308058660399137e+0004L,
216    2.839793161868140305907004392890348777338e+0003L,
217    2.786687241658423601778258694498655680778e+0002L,
218    1.779177837102695602425897452623985786464e+0001L,
219    5.641895835477470769043614623819144434731e-0001L,
220 };
221 static const long double S1[] = {       /* 15 bottom coeffs with leading 1.0 hidden */
222    4.630195122654331529595606896287596843110e+0006L,
223    1.780411093345512024324781084220509055058e+0007L,
224    3.250113097051800703707108623715776848283e+0007L,
225    3.737857099176755050912193712123489115755e+0007L,
226    3.029787497516578821459174055870781168593e+0007L,
227    1.833850619965384765005769632103205777227e+0007L,
228    8.562719999736915722210391222639186586498e+0006L,
229    3.139684562074658971315545539760008136973e+0006L,
230    9.106421313731384880027703627454366930945e+0005L,
231    2.085108342384266508613267136003194920001e+0005L,
232    3.723126272693120340730491416449539290600e+0004L,
233    5.049169878567344046145695360784436929802e+0003L,
234    4.944274532748010767670150730035392093899e+0002L,
235    3.153510608818213929982940249162268971412e+0001L,
236    1.0e00L,
237 };
238
239 /*
240  * erfc(x) = exp(-x*x)/x * R2(1/x)/S2(1/x) on [16/3, 107]
241  */
242 static const long double R2[] = {       /*  15 top coeffs in reverse order!!*/
243    2.447288012254302966796326587537136931669e+0005L,
244    8.768592567189861896653369912716538739016e+0005L,
245    1.552293152581780065761497908005779524953e+0006L,
246    1.792075924835942935864231657504259926729e+0006L,
247    1.504001463155897344947500222052694835875e+0006L,
248    9.699485556326891411801230186016013019935e+0005L,
249    4.961449933661807969863435013364796037700e+0005L,
250    2.048726544693474028061176764716228273791e+0005L,
251    6.891532964330949722479061090551896886635e+0004L,
252    1.888014709010307507771964047905823237985e+0004L,
253    4.189692064988957745054734809642495644502e+0003L,
254    7.362346487427048068212968889642741734621e+0002L,
255    9.980359714211411423007641056580813116207e+0001L,
256    9.426910895135379181107191962193485174159e+0000L,
257    5.641895835477562869480794515623601280429e-0001L,
258 };
259 static const long double S2[] = {       /* 16 coefficients */
260    2.447282203601902971246004716790604686880e+0005L,
261    1.153009852759385309367759460934808489833e+0006L,
262    2.608580649612639131548966265078663384849e+0006L,
263    3.766673917346623308850202792390569025740e+0006L,
264    3.890566255138383910789924920541335370691e+0006L,
265    3.052882073900746207613166259994150527732e+0006L,
266    1.885574519970380988460241047248519418407e+0006L,
267    9.369722034759943185851450846811445012922e+0005L,
268    3.792278350536686111444869752624492443659e+0005L,
269    1.257750606950115799965366001773094058720e+0005L,
270    3.410830600242369370645608634643620355058e+0004L,
271    7.513984469742343134851326863175067271240e+0003L,
272    1.313296320593190002554779998138695507840e+0003L,
273    1.773972700887629157006326333696896516769e+0002L,
274    1.670876451822586800422009013880457094162e+0001L,
275    1.000L,
276 };
277
278 long double erfl(x)
279 long double x;
280 {
281         long double s,y,t;
282
283         if (!finitel(x)) {
284             if (x != x) return x+x;     /* NaN */
285             return copysignl(one,x);    /* return +-1.0 is x=Inf */
286         }
287
288         y = fabsl(x);
289         if (y <= 0.84375L) {
290             if (y<=tiny) return x+P[0]*x;
291             s = y*y;
292             t = __poly_libmq(s,21,P);
293             return  x+x*t;
294         }
295         if (y<=1.25L) {
296             s = y-one;
297             t = C1+__poly_libmq(s,12,P1)/(one+s*__poly_libmq(s,12,Q1));
298             return (signbitl(x))? -t: t;
299         } else if (y<=1.75L) {
300             s = y-onehalf;
301             t = C2+__poly_libmq(s,12,P2)/(one+s*__poly_libmq(s,13,Q2));
302             return (signbitl(x))? -t: t;
303         }
304         if (y<=9.0L) t = erfcl(y); else t = tiny;
305         return (signbitl(x))? t-one: one-t;
306 }
307
308 long double erfcl(x)
309 long double x;
310 {
311         long double s,y,t;
312
313         if (!finitel(x)) {
314             if (x != x) return x+x;     /* NaN */
315             /* return 2.0 if x= -inf; 0.0 if x= +inf */
316             if (x < 0.0L) return 2.0L; else return 0.0L;
317         }
318
319         if (x <= 0.84375L) {
320             if (x<=0.25) return one-erfl(x);
321             s = x*x;
322             t = half-x;
323             t = t - x*__poly_libmq(s,21,P);
324             return  half+t;
325         }
326         if (x<=1.25L) {
327             s = x-one;
328             t = one-C1;
329             return t - __poly_libmq(s,12,P1)/(one+s*__poly_libmq(s,12,Q1));
330         } else if (x<=1.75L) {
331             s = x-onehalf;
332             t = one-C2;
333             return t - __poly_libmq(s,12,P2)/(one+s*__poly_libmq(s,13,Q2));
334         }
335         if (x>=107.0L) return nearunfl*nearunfl;             /* underflow */
336         else if (x >= L16_3) {
337             y = __poly_libmq(x,15,R2);
338             t = y/__poly_libmq(x,16,S2);
339         } else {
340             y = __poly_libmq(x,14,R1);
341             t = y/__poly_libmq(x,15,S1);
342         }
343         /*
344          * Note that exp(-x*x+d) = exp(-x*x)*exp(d), so to compute
345          * exp(-x*x) with a small relative error, we need to compute
346          * -x*x with a small absolute error.  To this end, we set y
347          * equal to the leading part of x but with enough trailing
348          * zeros that y*y can be computed exactly and we rewrite x*x
349          * as y*y + (x-y)*(x+y), distributing the latter expression
350          * across the exponential.
351          *
352          * We could construct y in a portable way by setting
353          *
354          *   int i = (int)(x * ptwo);
355          *   y = (long double)i * 1/ptwo;
356          *
357          * where ptwo is some power of two large enough to make x-y
358          * small but not so large that the conversion to int overflows.
359          * When long double arithmetic is slow, however, the following
360          * non-portable code is preferable.
361          */
362         y = x;
363         *(2+(int*)&y) = *(3+(int*)&y) = 0;
364         t *= expl(-y*y)*expl(-(x-y)*(x+y));
365         return  t;
366 }
```